Professor - EEB
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Southwest Texas State College, San Marcos, Texas
Degree: Bachelor of Science, 1966
Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas
Degree: Master of Arts (Biology), 1972
Thesis: Geographic Variation in Southwestern Populations of Fundulus nottii (Agassiz) (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae).
The City University of New York, New York, New York
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy, 1976
Thesis: The Phylogeny and Biogeography of Fossil and Recent Gars (Actinopterygii, Lepisosteidae).
Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Fund. 1974. "Phylogeny of Fossil and Recent Gars." $1,100.
Watkins Fund, University of Kansas. 1976. "Ventral Gill Arch Muscles of Latimeria chalumnae." $750.
General Research Fund (GRF), University of Kansas. 1980. "Evolution of Fundulus topminnows." $4,500.
National Science Foundation. 1981. "Systematics and Evolution of Fundulus topminnows." $49,123.
GRF, University of Kansas.1982. "Phylogenetic analysis of Notropis minnows. $4,500.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1984. "NOR and G-Banding Fish Chromosomes." $5,600.
ZWO (Dutch Pure Research Council), The Netherlands. 1985. "Visiting Scientist Award." DF36,000.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1985. "Morphological and Genetic Divergence in Freshwater Fish Evolution. $5,600.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1987. "Speciation and Allozyme Evolution in Freshwater Fishes. $7,583.
NSF, 1988. "Speciation and Isozyme Evolution of Freshwater Fishes in Northern Gulf Coast Drainages." $182,000.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1990. "The Evolutionary Relationships of Percid Fishes as Evidenced by Mitochondrial DNA Sequences." $5,100.
NSF, 1992. The Evolutionary Relationships of Percid Fishes (Teleostei: Percidae) as Evidenced by Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Data. $20,000 (pilot project).
Smithsonian Institution, Coral Reef Ecosystems Small Grants Program, 1991, 1992. $750.00, $600.00. Support of fieldwork in Belize, Central America.
PEW Trust. 1992. Proposal for PEW Undergraduate Fellowships in Systematic Biology from the University of Kansas. $25,000. (Co-PI with J.S. Ashe, PI, C. Haufler, R. Kaesler, and J. M. Young). Funded.
Environmental Protection Agency. 1991. Monitoring and Status Assessment of Fish and Invertebrate Populations in Selected Streams Draining the Galena Superfund Subsite. $50,000. (L. C. Ferrington, Co-PI).
NSF, 1992. Academic Research Infrastructure Program. Replacement of Ethenol Research Storage Facilities. (Co-PI with Philip S. Humphrey, PI, and others). $790,000.
NSF. 1993. "A Phylogenetic Analysis of Higher Teleost (Acanthomorph) Fishes Based on Morphological and Molecular Data." $190,000. (with W. D. Dimmick and G. D. Johnson).
NSF. 1993.Research Collections in Systematics & Ecology. Compactor Storage for Fluid Collections of Vertebrates. (Co-PI, Philip Humphrey, PI). $370,000. (NSF STI-9214184)
NSF. 1994 Systematic and Population Biology. REU Supplement for DEB-9317881. (E. O. Wiley, PI, W. W. Dimmick, Co-PI). $5,000.
NSF. 1995 Systematic and Population Biology. REU Supplement for DEB-9317881. (E. O. Wiley, PI, W. W. Dimmick, Co-PI). $5,000.
NSF. 1996 Systematic and Population Biology. REU Supplement for DEB-9317881. (E. O. Wiley, PI, W. W. Dimmick, Co-PI). $5,000.
K*STAR NSF EPSCoR CRINC 1996. A Collaborative Facility for Macroevolutionary Studies of DNA Sequences. 1 October 1997-30 September 1998. $75,000 (Co-PI with W. W. Dimmick). Funded.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1998. The Phylogenetic Relationships of a Newly Proposed Group of Fishes, Smegmamorpha, and Their affinities to Higher Percomorphs. $8,325.55.
GRF, University of Kansas. 1999. The Phylogenetic Relationships of Tetraodontiform fishes. $6,100.
NSF. 1999. (SGER) "A Predictive Data network for Fish Diversity: The FISHNET Prototype System. $99,332.
Office of Naval Research (ONR). 2000. The FishNet Distributed Biodiversity Information System. $500,000.
Kansas Department of Wildlife & Parks/U.S. Department of Fish & Wildlife. 2003. Data Management and Support for State-Wide Surveys of Fishes and Macroinvertebrates. $138,993. 02/05/03 – 06/01/04.
NSF. 2003. Building the Information Community Infrastructure - A Test Case Implementation for Icthyological Collections. $750,000 (Co-PI, David Vieglais, PI).
Kansas Department of Wildlife & Parks/U.S. Department of Fish & Wildlife. 2005. Data Management and Support for State-Wide Surveys of Fishes. $105,000. 07/01/05-06/03/06.
Kansas Department of Wildlife & Parks/U.S. Department of Fish & Wildlife. 2006. Data Management and Support for State-Wide Surveys of Fishes. $105,000. 07/01/05-06/03/07.
NSF. 2007. Collaborative Research: Assembling the Euteleost Tree of Life – Addressing the major Unresolved problem in Vertebrate Phylogeny. NSF DEB-073281, AToL. $309,985.00. 09/20/2007- 09/20/2012. (KU PI with four other institutions
The Aug. 6 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences included a large-scale analysis of bony fishes using DNA sequencing. One of the major conclusions is that tarpons, eels and their relatives (Elopomorpha) is the sister group (branched first) of all living teleosts.
Gloria Arratia, research associate in ichthyology, first published this idea in 1997 (see reference 11 in the PNAS paper). Her conclusion was based on morphology. In short, molecular analysis confirms a careful morphological analysis conducted about 15 years ago. More interesting is the fact that Gloria’s results were not widely accepted because the dominant figures in the field had championed the idea that the Osteoglossomorpha (mooneyes and bonytongues) were below the tarpons and eels on the tree. This inhibited some other ichthyologists from accepting Gloria's findings, in spite of the fact that she had the evidence and presented it clearly. -Ed
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